Nowadays breast cancer can be defeated, just diagnosed early. Keep therefore the risk away and get informed timely and valid for all that threaten the health of your breasts.
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women in the Western world, while only in our country every year there are about 4,500 new cases. On the occasion so the fact that October is worldwide the month of awareness for breast cancer, in collaboration with the Control and Disease Prevention (KEELPNO) and Greek Breast Surgery Society (schemes), healthy figure , respond to what will like to ask for little and big problems that threaten the health of the breast and informed you about the latest developments in the diagnosis and treatment of any malignancy.
A palpable lump in the breast cancer indicates how often?
Most of the nodules detected in breast cancers are not. Mainly in women under 30 years of nodules are almost always benign. Can that be a fibroadenoma, cyst, lipoma, etc? Where, however, cancer is important to know any woman that the smaller the size of the lump, the greater the chance for cure. Also, in these cases, the greater the likelihood for maintaining breast. However, in any palpable lump in the breast and in the armpit region necessary early diagnosis, which is achieved with mammography and examination by a specialist. The self also helps in early diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Cancer is not palpable;
Certainly. Cancer does not always mean a lump in the breast. Because to become a palpable lump, must have a similar relative size and location within the breast. A lump lying on the skin, for example, grope more easily than a lump which is located in the breast depth. So when cancer has not grown much or is at a very early stage, it can only be detected with mammography to stage non-palpable.
When to get the first mammogram?
In women without a family history of the first mammography, mammography reference is said, should be between 35 and 40 years and then followed comparative annual mammographic retesting from 40 to 65. After 65 mammographies can be done every 2 -3 years. In these groups the tumour growth, which might occur in between the mammographic control is slow, so the annual mammograms are not necessary.
At what age should begin mammograms a woman whose family history is burdened?
In women with a history burdened mammography should be about 15 years earlier than the age at which breast cancer appeared to a member of her family. If that is the mother showed breast cancer in 50 years, the good daughter to begin mammography screening at 35. Then, mammography should be repeated every year.
What other diagnostic tools exist today?
Addition to mammography, which remains the basic examination early diagnosis in recent years has become too ultrasound machines. The ability to study the vasculature of breast lesions, the use of elastography, the three-dimensional images provided by the 3D ultrasound youngsters can make important diagnostic. Also important is the help of magnetic mammography, which applies to specific indications. While new digital mammography can have a high resolution and hard, dense breasts.
Scientists speak of two genes that play an important role in hereditary breast cancer. What women have to resort to the detection test these genes?
It is advisable to specify that other is what we call ‘positive family history, “it has that one woman’s mother or sister who showed breast cancer, and the other” hereditary “in breast cancer. In hereditary breast cancer have identified genes (BRCA1 & 2) healthy figure , which are responsible for the appearance. Women, therefore belonging to families with hereditary breast cancer is necessary to undergo examination (genetic test for BRCA1 and BRCA2), to timely know the existence of defect (mutation), which increases the likelihood and incidence of ovarian cancer by 60%. Fortunately, hereditary breast cancer is not very common, since in 100 women suffering from the disease hereditary cancer accounts for only 5-7 insult women.
Responsible smoking in the development of breast cancer?
What happens when they found a malignant tumour in the breast?
The next step is to discuss the woman with the surgeon of the possibility and type of surgery. Here it should be noted that an additional advantage of early diagnosis of a small size is cancer and the possibility of avoiding mastectomy. Small volumes, if no contraindications, can be treated by local removal and maintenance of the breast. In these cases of breast, radiation is necessary and the end result is aesthetically excellent and medically equivalent mastectomy.
After surgery, what kind of treatment should be followed?
How to make sure that the correct treatment for my case to be applied?
The treatment of a woman with breast cancer should be decided after discussion of all the findings of the team of specialist doctors in breast cancer (oncology board). The breast surgeon, physician-oncologist and the radiotherapist-oncologist are the main specialities of this group. Ask to explain the reasons why they decided this treatment, like to give you written all the results of examinations, tests and treatment that will follow. You can also get a “second” opinion – is perfectly legitimate.
At a glance: Prevention in each decade
Breast cancer cured in approximately 95% if the diagnosis and treatment done in the early stages. So if you are:
Aftoexetazontai you yonder breasts once a month, and every three years should undergo a clinical breast examination as part of a preventive check-up magazine generally do for your health.
35 to 40 years.
The clinical examination of the breasts should be done every two years. In this period you must also do the first inspection with mammography.
40 years and over.
You should undergo mammography and clinical examination of the breasts by a specialist doctor once a year.