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Worry about breakfast trig Rovi cha that in troubling?
Read why the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, also known as the disease of smokers, in particular, threaten and what measures suggested by specialists to either decrease the risk.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, or COPD as otherwise called for short, is known as a disease of smokers, because it has been scientifically proven that in advanced countries by 80-90% due to smoking. In the USA UK , 50% of COPD patients are characterised advanced stage, while more than half of patients do not know they have the disease and when they discover it is already late. See what they have to tell you once more specialists for this condition, which is going hand in hand with smokers.
What characterises the condition?
The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a disease characterised by the narrowing of the bronchial tubes, resulting in difficult empty lungs on exhalation. Restricting air flow to the lungs is usually progressive and associated with an inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles and gases particularly in cigarette smoke. The main symptoms of COPD patients are the daily intense coughing, especially the breakfast, elimination of sputum and breathlessness, which in principle can only be manifested in the exercise but then manifested by walking uphill, walking in straightening and in the end even with the simple daily movements in the house.
When symptoms worsen?
As pointed out by Mr. Gourgoulianis Constantine, professor of pulmonology: “If COPD is not treated in time, then the damage caused by a point on is irreversible. So the patient begins to have serious deterioration in health and quality of life. The disease is a gradually lead to respiratory failure, the nails in the oxygen bottles chair and forced to frequent hospitalization. COPD is also present together with a number of other diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (following an episode risk for myocardial triples), diabetes and hypertension, and make frequent exacerbations, usually due to a common respiratory infection. ”
Besides the cigarette what else makes us vulnerable in COPD?
Although smoking (assets and liabilities) remains the leading cause of disease, aggravating factors for the development of COPD often and air pollution, history of infections in childhood, exposure to chemicals in the professional field, etc. Also occupational factors that cause intense or prolonged exposure to dust, chemicals, fumes etc. may increase or even double the risk of disease in smokers. However, as experts say, the COPD can be prevented or its progression suspended mainly with smoking cessation or withdrawal from anyone else inhaled harmful agent. But because the first 10-15 years of COPD discomfort is usually mild, this results in patients not seeking timely treatment. So when you start the symptoms of the disease become apparent, unfortunately, then 50-60% of the lung has been destroyed and the patient has severe problems.
Spirometry, a test that saves!
But what is the test that will tell us if a patient has COPD and what stage the disease? “The most easy and reliable test called spirometry, which usually takes less than 10 minutes. The person subjected to it just takes a deep breath and exhales with all his strength in a special device. Examinee and also the speed at which the air exhaled from the lungs. If these values fall below certain limits, pulmonologist can diagnose COPD . “The best is therefore all smokers over 40 years old with a history of smoking at least 10 years old to undergo spirometry.”
Signs ringing the alarm!
If you have one or more of the following symptoms, “especially if you are smoking,” you should consult pulmonologist, as they are a sign that may be experiencing COPD.
Cough that persists and phlegm.
Wheezing, ie breath “whistles”.
Shortness of breath that worsens with effort when climbing stairs or uphill when you lift some weights (eg shopping), when you walk hurriedly.
The situation is even more serious when breathlessness accompanies lighter activities such as dressing, washing, tying the laces, various jobs with hands etc.
And if there is a problem what?
After diagnosis, if necessary, the doctor can proceed and further general and specific tests in order to assess the gravity stage, the impact of COPD in other organs such as the heart, muscles, and the potential benefit of the patient the therapeutic methods would recommend .