Dementia is a group of brain diseases that cause memory problems in thinking and personality.
In dementia, nerve cells in the brain gradually degenerates. The symptoms that appear depend on the part of the brain affected by the disease stage. More often begins in the portion of the brain that control memory and in the course of illness affecting other parts. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease.
Currently the disease is incurable and the exact cause is not fully verified. Medicines are very important part of the treatment of dementia and administered to slow the decline of memory and help the problems of disposal of the behavior and sleep. The earlier you start the appropriate treatment, the more controlled the course of the disease. Also, regular review is important for maintaining the patient’s general health.
Patients with altchaimer or other forms of dementia, in the initial stage of the disease, they realize that ‘something is wrong’ ‘with themselves, which causes them embarrassment and anxiety.
It is helpful to keep in mind some directives on themselves and the people who accompany them or care for them.
Try – to the extent permitted – continue as before habits of family life. The routine creates a sense of security. Unlike the big changes in everyday life such as the sudden change of environment, can cause hyperactivity, nervousness and confusion.
Have the patient simple tasks and tasks that you know you will accomplish. This strengthens the sense of dignity and self-esteem. Reward for doing that even if you do not perform absolutely right. Self-esteem is a powerful incentive to keep the patient active and not have a tendency to withdraw.
Make the patient things simple: Do not use long sentences and do not give many options. Certain small orders and instructions step by step, help more responsiveness.
The fitness, helps to maintain physical and mental abilities. Find with the help of your doctor and apply together with the patient, as a fun, appropriate ways of exercise.
The loss of memory or control movements increase the chances of small accidents. Ensure appropriate adjustments will make the house safer place.
Avoid conflict, do not have critical and try to keep calm attitude reminding yourself that the disease and not the patient’s fault. However, when this is not possible, especially in times when your strength is reduced, Never blamed yourself that you have failed them. You are entitled to feel sometimes tired or irritable. Take care of yourself. Express your feelings, talk about your problems, share the care. Remember to continue to do what you enjoy.