What is it and what does it mean dysphagia?
The word comes from the Greek dysphagia malfunctions, showing something changed, and phago, or eat, so simple definition can be explained with difficulty swallowing.
The dysphagia is intended more as a symptom of specific disorders that conditional truth. You happen both when swallowing solid food or liquid, but also in cases not related to the actual presence of substances in the esophagus.
Types dysphagia causing difficulty in swallowing
The difficulty in swallowing can be classified into several types, depending on the position of discomfort, depending on the evolution of the bolus during the act of swallowing:
The exact location of the sentiment point, it may be useful for diagnostic purposes, to focus on the possible causes associated with that area. This is a situation that can not even have a real organic cause, because the old classification between neurological disorders has lost its validity, unless the deficit in controlling the reflection of the swallow from the nervous system, this is not actually appears. In fact, in many cases, can be an uncomfortable event, entity of more or less serious.
The difficulty in swallowing known as dysphagia usually occurs after ingestion of food or liquids, with a series of related events which may be.
difficulty in retaining food or saliva in the mouth
The closure of the glottis
The pain or chest
The aspiration of food into the trachea, with the possible occurrence of aspiration pneumonia, which is caused by the proliferation of pathogens in the respiratory system because of food
Oral or nasal regurgitation
Afraid to eat or drink
Fatigue during lunch
Burning sensation in the chest
Usually there is a related painful sensation, defined as pain during swallowing, which may even be a sign of a serious disorder.
The causes of dysphagia and swallowing difficulties
The main causes that can provide between symptoms of difficulty swallowing are:
Barriers of foreign bodies, tumors or strictures;
Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and gastro-esophageal reflux disease, which is the cause of dysphagia in nearly 30% of cases;
Infection with HIV, herpes or Candida;
Benign or malignant tumors of the throat;
The thyroid cancer, thyroid hyperplasia;
Muscle paralysis language;
Disturbances at the level of motor neurons, such as in the case of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;
Achalasia, a disturbance that inhibits the mechanism of esophageal ingestion;
Parkinson’s disease or other neurodegenerative disorders;
Intracranial surgery or cervix;
Difficulty swallowing and water
Most people who have difficulty swallowing complains of difficulty swallowing solid foods, especially dry, but in certain cases may be related to the ingestion of liquids, especially in the case of neurological disorders, or in the case presbifagia, that is, when the symptom is age related. In any case, the water plays an important role in dysphagia. In diets Suitable for those who suffer from this problem, there is the need to use water for dilution of the food, but should never take drugs too liquid, so that on the market there is water in gel form, so that it can to go back and get their road roads.
Difficulty swallowing and anxiety
In some cases, the source of swallow difficulty may be associated with problems of stress, anxiety, or depression. Usually, when the normal test patients who complain of such symptoms are completely negative, and thus exclude causes of pathological nature, you should consider the possibility that it is a disorder resulting from a series of psychological conditions of nature, but primarily anxiety.
L ‘concern can carry right how serious situations also completely normal and easily solvable. Why some people, difficulty swallowing immediately create a feeling anxious because of the fear of choking, or even worse, death. The problem occurs in most cases during a panic attack, where you can hear the most common feeling of the neck, which can be so strong as to be able to swallow or food or liquid, and may also be associated with difficulty in breathing. This usually happens because the physical manifestations of nature restless anxiety, especially those actions of accidental like swallowing, digestion, defecation, breathing. The restless person focuses too heavily on these events, and tends to mold them, through the soul, affecting the result. Just so it usually speaks for psychosomatic disorders.
Certainly in these cases the best solution would be to psychotherapy, to be able to solve the problems concerning the difficulty in swallowing. In the near future, the ideal is to be able to control your breathing, performing slow, deep inhalations and exhalations, for maximum relax the body and realize that the sense of suffocation is not real. Thus, immediately after, it would be advisable to drink water, which is easier to swallow than solids or semi-solids. In the hours after the stress of crisis we should try not to bring back thought frantically for the physiological mechanisms that occur in the body, but to try to extract as much as Possible, continue to breathe slowly and deeply.
Even stress This can affect swallowing. In fact causes a remarkable muscle tension, which can be reflected in the body in the most varied forms, and between them there are also a number of disorders associated with the digestive system, including test swallowing portions.