Term used to describe diseases of the arteries, which may be fatal, but it is also treatable and potentially preventable.
Cardiovascular disease is primarily a result of lifestyle and for this reason it must first awareness of the incidence of distress and of taking their avoidance measures.
Cardiovascular diseases Prevention of frequently occur with the onset of coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Epidemiological data in Europe indicate four million deaths from Cardiovascular disease, of which more than 1.5 million citizens of the European Union. This figure is equivalent to almost half of all deaths in the countries of Europe (48%) and the European Union (41%).
In Greece estimated that the respective deaths is 110 per 100,000 people and gender, men appear more vulnerable to this.
• Stop smoking. Smoking more than doubles the chances of onset of coronary artery disease and makes smokers 6 times more prone to heart attacks.
• Proper diet with low fat, mainly avoiding kosresmenon fat (red meat). With increasing above normal cholesterol in the blood, the higher the risk of coronary heart disease. The first step in controlling cholesterol is eating foods low fat.
• blood pressure control. As with cholesterol, the higher the blood pressure, the greater the likely event of coronary artery disease.
• Exercise regularly. It reduces the risk of heart attack by 33-50%.
• Reduce stress with relaxation exercises and avoiding stressors.
• Weight control. Obesity apart from a host of other problems, it makes you vulnerable against and coronary disease.
• Screening for diabetes.
• Taking aspirin. There is evidence that ingestion of aspirin every other day for persons over 50 years reduces the chances of developing CHD. But because it can occur and side effects, it is advisable, that the decision be taken with your doctor.
• Reduce alcohol consumption. The paradox with alcohol is that while moderate drinking reduces the chances of heart disease, however, the daily consumption of more than two drinks contributes to the increasing risk of breast for women.
• Check the levels of triglycerides. Is achieved by a blood test.
• Avoiding infections. It is observed that the virus responsible for pneumonia, Chlamydia pneumoniae, may cause infection of the lining of arteries.