STROKE AND COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS

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STROKE

A stroek occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted.

As a result, the person can acquire permanent damage to part of the brain. A disturbance in the communication may be included after damage to almost any part of the brain.

The disorder can include difficulty:

understanding speech
speech
reading
writing
understanding and use of body language and gestures
logical reasoning
concentration
memory
socialization
hearing
Recovery

The recovery after stroke is often slow and difficult to predict the level of recovery achieved. In general, the physical brain recovery process occurs mainly during the first six months, but can last up to more than two years. Recovery may be aided greatly if started immediately after the stroke rehabilitation a speech pathologist.

The role of the speech pathologist after stroke.

The communication and swallowing difficulties may affect the skills and confidence of a person by socialization and participation in daily activities. A speech therapist can provide specialized treatment and advice on the best methods of assisting a person with communication / swallowing difficulty. The speech therapists are experts in adult and children treated with communication problems, including swallowing problems. The therapist will tailor a treatment plan to suit the individual needs of each patient.

A therapeutic program aims to:

promote communication / swallowing methods
providing support and information for clients and their families
What kind of problems could occur?
dysphasia
It is a language disorder caused by damage to the language centers of the brain, which are usually located on the left side of the brain. The dysphasia may result in difficulties:

Understanding when someone
They are unable to recognize sounds
loses the meaning of words
can not remember information
can not understand the structure of the proposal
Speech when someone
recognize what something is, but can not pronounce his name
substitute words or sounds with others while talking
You can say basic words, but can not link them in a grammatical sentence
hang on a word / sound
has trouble explaining everything clearly
Reading when someone
has trouble recognizing and understanding the letters or words
He has trouble remembering and understanding long sentences
It has difficulty to recall details from memory lengthy stories
Bible when someone

It has a problem in forming letters into words, and consequently, the formation phrases
It has trouble organizing ideas into logical stories
dyspraxia
is a speech disorder caused by damage to the speech control centers of the brain are used for the planning and organization of sounds and words in speech. Dyspraxia can cause:
the difficulty of finding the right position for oral production / coordination sounds
difficulty smooth transition between sounds and words
dysarthria
It is a disorder of speech or voice resulting from muscle weakness, paralysis or poor coordination of breathing and speech muscles. The dysarthria can lead to:
change the call volume
changing the voice quality such as voice trachea
nasal speech sound
muffled speech

Speech sounds in the same intensity or the same complexion

Dysphagia
A food ingestion disorder, which can lead to:
difficulty chewing or keeping food and liquid food in the mouth
difficulty in swallowing food or drink, leading to coughing, choking, or swallowing food / drinks incorrectly
NOITIKES (thinking) difficulties are difficulties that may occur after brain injury, including:
poor concentration
memory disorder
Reduced intelligent language comprehension as jokes and sarcasm
Reduced logic capacity of organization and problem solving
tendency to fatigue
How they can help their families and friends
Communication problems after brain injury largely vary and for this reason it is necessary to seek expert advice from a speech therapist.

At this point some general advice that can help people with communication difficulties:
talk short and clear sentences, using gestures, if the person has difficulty understanding
provide a person more time to talk and avoid the rush or force to try to finish you his proposal
note the message that tries to convey his face, not just words
try to see if your person has understood
encourage the person to be as independent as possible, but be available to help if you ask or require
encourage the person to contact, even if it takes a long time
ignore excessive or inappropriately speech
be sensitive to the sense of confusion and / or frustration of a person

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