“Mothers, let your smartphones and make sure your babies’!
This is the message from researchers at the University of California, who discovered that the limited and inconsistent maternal care, can disrupt the proper development of the infant brain and can lead to later emotional disorders.
Although the study was conducted with rodents, the findings suggest that it may create long-term effects on infants if mothers care for their babies alongside recurring holidays everyday even those who apparently seem harmless, such as phone calls and written messages.
The Dr. Tallie Z. Baram and colleagues at the University Conte Center California Planning Brain in Adolescence Vulnerabilities argue that consistent rates and the correct standards of maternal care is crucial to the development of the infant brain, which We need predictable and continuous stimuli to ensure the development of strong neural networks.
Researchers at the University of California, found that inconsistent maternal care of infants may increase the likelihood of risk behavior in adolescence and in adulthood, such as taking drugs and depression. As mobile phones have become so “ubiquitous” and users have become so accustomed to frequent control and their use, the findings of this study are crucial for today’s mothers and babies … and teens and adults of tomorrow.
Such as depression, derived from interactions between our genes and the environment,
Particularly during sensitive periods of life development,” says Dr. Baram,studies show that maternal care is important for the future emotional health of infants. Specifically, it shows that it is not the amount of maternal care which later affects the behavior of adolescents, but avoid the limited and inconsistent care is vital. Perhaps, we should disable the mobile phone during the baby’s care and are typical and consistent mothers. ”
The University of California team studied the emotional effects adolescent rats reared either in calm or in chaotic environments and used mathematical approaches to analyze the rearing behavior were mothers.
Despite the fact that the quantity and the typical characteristics of the mother instinct was inconspicuous in both environments, habits and care rates varied significantly, which strongly influenced the way the pups rodents developed. Specifically, in an environment, dams had “short-term” care and inconsistent behavior.
Progeny grew up in this environment, showed during puberty, decreased interest in sweet foods or for group games, two special markers that indicate the capacity for pleasure. The weakness of the sense of happiness, also known as “anhedonia,” is often a harbinger of depression. In humans, it can also lead adolescents to search for pleasure through more stress stimuli, such as reckless driving, alcohol or drugs.
Why can the inconsistent maternal care to create this problem in connection with the pleasure system?
The Baram said “the pleasure circuits of the brain dopamine receptor have not yet matured in neonates and infants and that these circuits are excited by the consistent sequences of events, which seems to be critical for their maturation. If infants are not sufficiently exposed to such reliable behavior patterns, their pleasure systems do not mature properly, causing anhedonia “.
The Baram and her team from the University of California, is studying this period, human mothers and their infants, record video and analyze care behaviors while using sophisticated imaging technology to measure brain growth and psychological and cognitive tests for the complete study of the issue. The objective is to ascertain if the findings of the study in rodents apply to humans. If so, they could be helpful strategies designed to limit irregular and non-consistent pattern of maternal care in preventing emotional problems in adolescents.