The inflammation in the nose in some cases can cause serious damage, with many implications. What are they and what is the appropriate treatment?
Our nose is composed of the nasal chamber and from within cells, such as sinuses man (which is the most famous in all), the ethmoid cells, the frontal sinuses and the sphenoid sinus.
The functions of the nose are manifold:
Olfactory. Smell is the sense of identification of substances through the volatile molecules emit. The identification is of special nerve endings inside the nose, which sends the message to the olfactory brain.
Respiratory. The tip is the beginning and end of the respiratory cycle of inhalation breath. The air when passing through the tip is heated, moistened, is purified (e.g. dust through the vestibule bristles) and disinfected to some extent by the lysozyme produced by the mucus mucosa (mucilage), and through the tear evacuated nose of nasolacrimal duct.
Voice. The nose and paranasal sinuses act as a sounding board in the configuration of voice and contribute to the articulation of the so-called of nasal consonants (mu and vi).
Reflective. Smell is the soil release various reflexes eg saliva secretion or gastric fluids, sneezing reflex rinopnefmoniko etc…
The symptoms and causes
Rhinitis or rhinosinusitis is the inflammation of the nasal mucosa and sinus leads to the accumulation of mucus with consequent nasal congestion. In our country, more than 400,000 people suffer each year from this disease. The main symptoms of nasal inflammation is:
Nasal congestion / obstruction.
Nasal secretions or runny.
Pain on pressure in the face.
Reduction or loss of smell.
When such lasting one to five days say common cold. If the duration of symptoms is from 6 days to 12 weeks, this acute rhinosinusitis. When these persist more than 12 weeks, now we talk about chronic rhinosinusitis.
Factors (causes) associated with acute and chronic inflammation of the nose are:
Pathogenic bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae 30% -43%, Hemophilus influenzae 20% -28%, catarrhal moraxela 20% -28%).
Malfunctions of cilia.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease and Helicobacter pylori.
Other risk factors (mechanical irritation, naso-gastric probe).
Dysfunction of cilia.
Genetic factors (cystic fibrosis, Kartagener’s syndrome).
Hypertrophy adenoids (adenoids).
The diagnosis is made by history, clinical examination, including nasal endoscopy and, if necessary, take cultivation of nasal secretions to identify the microbe. In cases where symptoms persist or worsen may need CT or MRI.
The treatment of inflammation may contain:
Antibiotics for 10-14 days.
Allergy Treatment – asthma.
Treatment of GERD.
If conservative treatment fails, then the surgeon otolaryngologist, depending on the ground, will face surgical inflammation. They must remove the adenoids (if any), nasal polyps or to drain the sinuses or whoever the person sick bays.
All this today by the method of endoscopic minimally invasive surgical nose and paranasal sinuses, using the latest technology and equipment available to the MOTHER, by an experienced surgeon.
The accurate and timely diagnosis and treatment of nasal inflammation is very important, since otherwise the complications that may arise, such as ophthalmic abscess, brain abscess, meningitis, etc., can be threatening to the patient’s life.