Protect your kidneys and prevent kidney failure! The main causes of failure and renal failure is the high pressure, diabetes, and certain drugs, such as some analgesics, i.e., anti-pain.
Take preventive and protective measures your kidney before it is too late. Unfortunately the number of people with kidney failure is growing.
The kidneys are essential organs that cleanse the blood of undesirable substances and excess water. The renal artery carries blood to the kidneys and from there it branches into a network of millions of small functional units (nephrons).
They nephrons in the kidney that are made all the blood cleaning or filtering functions and eliminated all unwanted elements. Created the urine and the remainder purified blood returns to circulation.
Furthermore kidneys have other important functions, such as the secretion of hormones and other active agents.
The main functions of the kidneys are the following:
- create the urine which are eliminated from the body of metabolic waste and excess water which is not needed
- Removes toxins from the blood
- help regulate blood pressure in the body. Also regulate the levels of certain basic chemical elements such as potassium and calcium
- secrete hormones hemoglobin from red blood cells in bone marrow.
What happens when the kidneys are not functioning normally?
The kidneys can be affected in a direct way and function to stop a very short time. It is in these cases of acute renal failure.
In other patients kidney function can be gradually affected. In fact in the early stages perhaps the failure of the kidneys to not be noticed. In these cases, we speak of chronic renal failure.
If you stop both kidneys to work then we are talking about total kidney failure or even to kidney disease to end stage.
Patients with terminal renal insufficiency at risk directly. The patient’s life is in danger because the body directly without the kidneys can not eliminate toxic substances, can not create urine or regulate blood pressure properly.
What are the warning signs of kidney disease?
The signs warning that something is wrong with the kidneys are the following:
High blood pressure
Puffiness or swelling of the face and legs
Swell around the eyes
Frequent need to urinate especially at night
Urine may be brown or as the rusting (dark brown)
Pain back to back, in the region below the thorax.
If you have one or more of the above signs or symptoms does not necessarily mean that you are suffering from kidney.
What you should do if you experience such problems is to consult your doctor who after examining and history will judge what should be done.
What diseases cause kidney failure?
The main causes are responsible for 60% of the final cases of renal failure are high blood pressure and diabetes.
In addition, the kidneys can be affected by infections, chronic inflammatory diseases that affect the blood vessels, lupus, kidney stones and cysts.
Another important reason that we all know are some drugs against pain that can harm the kidneys. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics such as diclofenac, paracetamol, ibuprofen and naproxen, if taken without medical attention or monitoring, may cause renal lesions. leading to renal failure.
There are other drugs that are harmful to the kidneys and so it should not take medicines without supervision by a doctor. They have been described cases of kidney failure caused by alcohol.
Dialysis (known as artificial kidney) in cases of severe renal insufficiency, it is to save the patient’s life.
Dialysis is done three times a week. It takes 3-4 hours each time. Usually done in specialized centers. The patient is connected to a particular dialysis machine. The patient’s blood is passed through the machine means which removes toxins and excess water, and then returns the purified blood to the patient.
There is even a form of blood purification from toxic substances in the event of final renal failure called peritoneal dialysis.
The peritoneal method by placing a special solution into the peritoneal cavity, i.e. in the patient’s abdomen through a special tube. The solution was absorbed by the multiple thin vessels found in the cavity, the toxic and unnecessary substances to be eliminated. After a certain period of time liquids from the peritoneal cavity are removed and thus the clearance of the organism is achieved by unwanted toxic waste.
The peritoneal dialysis can be done at the patient’s home, can only be done in the evenings or even on an ongoing basis, 4 times daily for periods of 5 hours.
It should be understood that various forms of dialysis are not a radical treatment explanatory problem.
The methods of purification allow patients to survive and to have good levels of daily activity. But the processes of dialysis or of peritoneal dialysis is difficult and afflict patients.
Additionally they get tired easily, are highly vulnerable to various other diseases, complications and infections.
They are obliged to be very careful with their diet and should pay attention to the amounts of protein, salt, potassium and calcium to be getting from their diet each day.
What about the kidney transplant?
Renal transplantation may be benefited in the ultimate degree of patients with terminal renal failure. Modern drugs are anti-rejection treatments have significantly improved the survival of patients.
To avoid the unpleasant phenomenon of rejection is better the donor kidney to be a close relative of the patient, and to match the blood type and the tissue between them.
Today, thanks to the development of good medications against rejection of transplants from someone who is not by blood relative (spouse, friend, colleague) are almost equally good results.
Organ donors can save lives in patients with terminal renal failure.
It is good if one wishes to become organ donor to discuss it with his family and his doctor and to inform them of his wishes.
After comprehensive approach and enlightenment, it must complete the necessary procedures so that the desires become reality if there is such a possibility.